LIONESS Light Ions

History of Particle Therapy

Radiation Therapy with charged particles was first proposed by Wilson in 1946.

1895
1896
1903
1913
1930
1946
1955
1957
1961
1973
1975
1990
1994
1997
1998
2001
2006
2009
2010
2012
Discovery of X-rays
First use of x-rays for RT
Discovery of Bragg peak
Nobel Prize to Bragg Sr. & Jr.
First construction of Cyclotron
Use of ion beam proposed for RT
First proton therapy at LBNL, USA
First cancer patient treated with protons at TSL, Sweden
Proton therapy started at MGH/HCL, USA
Development of CT
First heavy ion therapy at LBNL, USA
Hospital-based proton center at LLUMC, USA 
C-ion RT started at HIMAC, NIRS, Japan
C-ion RT started at GSI/Heidelberg, Germany
First Hospital based proton RT with cyclotron at NCC, Japan
MGH new proton therapy facility opens
UF and MD Anderson open PT centers
Proton and C-Ion RT started at HIT, Heidelberg, Germany
LIONESS founded
Proton and C-Ion RT started at CNAO, Italy